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mushroom dum biryani

Mushroom Dum Biryani

so aromatic and flavorful biryani with marinated mushroom in dum way of cooking. Also an ideal vegetarian biryani alternative to the non-meat eaters or for mushroom lover
5 from 5 votes
Prep Time 20 mins
Cook Time 45 mins
Marinating Time 30 mins
Total Time 1 hr 35 mins
Course Main Course
Cuisine Indian
Servings 3


for the marination of mushroom :

  • ½ cup Yogurt (curd)
  • 2 cup Mushroom (sliced)
  • 1 cup Onion (cubed)
  • 1 cup Capsicum (cubed)
  • 1 tsp Ginger-garlic paste
  • ¼ tsp Turmeric powder
  • ½ tsp Red chili powder
  • 2 tbsp Biryani masala powder
  • 2 tbsp Coriander leaf (chopped)
  • 2 tbsp Mint leaf (chopped)
  • 1 tsp Oil
  • 1 tsp Salt

For cooking the Rice :

  • cup Basmati rice (long grain)
  • 1 no. Bay leaf
  • 2 no. Green cardamom
  • 1 inch Cinnamon stick
  • 1 no. Star anise
  • 3-4 no. Clove
  • 1 no. Mace (javitri)
  • Water as needed
  • 1 tsp Oil

For the biryani preparation :

  • ½ cup Onion (thin sliced)
  • 6-7 no. Cashew
  • 6-7 no. Raisin
  • 1 tsp Shah jeera
  • 1 no. Black cardamom
  • 3 tbsp Birista (crisp fried onions)
  • 1-2 pinch Biryani masala powder
  • ½ tsp Saffron
  • 3 tbsp Milk
  • 2 tbsp Coriander leaf (chopped)
  • 2 tbsp Mint leaf (chopped)
  • ½ tsp Kewra water / rose water (optional)
  • 2 tbsp Oil
  • Ghee as needed


  • First in a small bowl soak saffron starnds in milk and keep aside.
  • Wash & clean rice, then soak in a bowl for 20-30 minutes.

Marination :

  • Firstly, in a large bowl take yogurt / curd, ginger garlic paste, turmeric powder, red chilli powder and biryani masala.
  • Also add roughly chopped coriander and mint leaves, 1 tsp oil and 1 tsp salt.
  • Whisk well making sure the spices are well combined.
  • Next add mushroom slices, onion cubes and capsicum cubes.
  • Mix gently till everything is well coated.
  • Cover the bowl and keep aside to marinate for 30 minutes.

Cook the Rice :

  • Meanwhile start boiling water in a deep pan.
  • Into that, add bay leaf, green cardamom, cinnamon stick, star anise, cloves, mace (javitri).
  • When it starts to boiling, add soaked & drained rice along with 1 tsp oil.
  • Give a nice stir and allow to cook the rice till 80% done.
  • Strain and keep aside to cool.

Cook the marinated mushroom :

  • In a pan heat 2 tbsp oil.
  • Fry the cashews and raisins over low heat.
  • Transfer to a plate and keep aside.
  • Into the same pan with remaining oil, put shah jeera, black cardamom and allow to splutter.
  • Then add sliced onions and saute until turn golden brown.
  • After that, add in marinated mushrooms and saute for 1 minute.
  • Cover the pan and cook till the mushrooms are done.
  • Take out the cover, saute until the oil separates from the sides and also all the water (released from mushrooms) has reduced.
  • Turn off heat and keep aside.

Assemble the biryani :

  • First take a deep broad pan and grease with ghee.
  • Put some chopped mint and coriander leaves along with few birista (crisp fried onions).
  • Then put all the cooked mushrooms in even layer followed by some more birista.
  • Next put all the cooked rice and gently spread all over.
  • Add kewra water / rose water with the soaked saffron and pour over the rice (here and there).
  • Again top with some birista, chopped mint & coriander leaves, 1-2 pinch of biryani masala powder, fried cashews & raisins and few drops of ghee.
  • Cover the pan and place over a hot tawa or griddle.
  • Cook for 25-30 minutes over low heat.
  • Turn off heat and gently fluff the biryani.
  • Serve along with raita of your choice !


  • I have simply topped the mushrooms with rice. One can make few more layers.
  • Adjust spiciness (here main spicy factor is the biryani masala powder) according to taste.
  • Soak the rice for 20-30 minutes before preparing the biryani, it will result in fluffy and separate rice grains in the biryani.
  • Button mushrooms are used here. Any other variety works perfectly too.
  • Don't skip the addition of ghee which gives a rich and delicious taste to the mushroom biryani.
Keyword Biryani, Dum style Cooking, Mushroom, Vegetarian